Cognitive Development for Preschoolers 4-5 Year Olds

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Preschooler learning letters abc.jpg

Age Group: Preschooler 4 to 5 years

Your preschooler is now able to focus their attention more accurately and is less influenced by distractions. The intensity of questions increase as your child develops a strong curiosity for the world around them.

By this stage, your child will have increased memory skills which counts for a big part of their learning. Your preschooler will also be able to retain two or three pieces of information while acting on them.


Cognitive Development Milestones

  • describes pictures in detail
  • able to identify and name primary colours
  • understands concepts of sorting, grouping and matching
  • recognizes own name in print
  • increased concentration
  • begins to draw a person adding much detail to the body
  • counts chronologically from 1 to 10
  • can count 10 or more objects
  • understands the concept of time
  • knows their physical address and home telephone number
  • makes their own rhyming words
  • mimic sounds and creates their own sounds or words
  • learns rules of behaviour and reasons behind them
  • understands opposites (e.g. big/little)
  • understands positional words (middle, end)
  • uses objects and materials to build or construct things, e.g. block tower, puzzle, clay, sand and water
  • builds a tower eight to ten blocks
  • answers simple questions
  • counts five to ten things
  • has a longer attention span
  • talks to self during play - to help guide what he/she does
  • follows simple instructions
  • follows simple rules and enjoys helping
  • may write some numbers and letters
  • engages in dramatic play, taking on pretend character roles recalls events correctly
  • touches objects to count
  • starts to understand relationship between numbers and objects
  • can recount a recent story
  • copies letters and may write some
  • identify and name secondary colours
  • learns through observations and social interactions
  • understands order and process
  • recognizes most letters of the alphabet
  • knows what common objects are used for


By now, preschoolers have a higher level of concentration which will enable them to complete and engage in more challenging tasks. A genuine understanding of numbers develops and preschoolers will begin to consider concepts such as shapes and colours in more detail.


Page Created By: Lorina
Date Created: October 10, 2013